Velvet, so well known in the English Velvet and partly also in the German Velvet, is a woven fabric that has been known since the 13th century. Historically, velvet was made of silk, which explains the special position and rarity of the material. Nowadays there is also cotton velvet and chemical silk velvet, which made the material widely available.
The name velvet was derived from a Greek expression, which translated means six-thread fabric. During the weaving process a further thread, the so-called weft or warp thread, is incorporated, which results in some special features of the velvet.
The fabric has particularly soft and pleasant properties for the skin, making it particularly suitable for fine clothes, blankets and pillows. Also a line direction of the velvet is recognizable, due to the special weave. This line direction gives the fabric different optical characteristics, depending on whether you look with or against the direction of the fabric.